Saladin had offeredgold pieces to Baldwin to abandon the project, which was particularly offensive to the Muslims, but to no avail. The Crusaders withdrew beforehand and Saladin proclaimed it "a victory opening the gates of men's hearts".
Al-Afdal was in theory the head of the Ayyubid dynasty, but he was not able to exert any level of authority over his siblings, and soon proved that he had little ability as a ruler.
Inthe vizier to the Fatimid caliph al-AdidShawarhad been driven out of Egypt by his rival Dirghama member of the powerful Banu Ruzzaik tribe.
This fortified gate was constructed with interlocking volumes that surrounded the entrant in such a way as to provide greater security and control than typical city wall gates. Based in the an-Nusayriyah Mountainsthey commanded nine fortressesall built on high elevations.
Raynald threatened to attack the holy cities of Mecca and Medina. After the death of Zengi inhis son, Nur ad-Dinbecame the regent of Aleppo and the leader of the Zengids.
Saladin arrived at the city on 10 November They broke the Crusader blockade, destroyed most of their ships, and pursued and captured those who anchored and fled into the desert.
He threatened to attack the city of Malatyasaying, "it is two days march for me and I shall not dismount [my horse] until I am in the city. He saw that the lamps were displaced and beside his bed laid hot scones of the shape peculiar to the Assassins with a note at the top pinned by a poisoned dagger.
The Zengid forces panicked and most of Saif al-Din's officers ended up being killed or captured—Saif al-Din narrowly escaped. On 25 November, while the greater part of the Ayyubid army was absent, Saladin and his men were surprised near Ramla in the battle of Montgisard.
He then fell ill, or was poisoned according to one account. It did not pose a threat to the passage of the Muslim navy, but could harass smaller parties of Muslim ships and Saladin decided to clear it from his path. More significantly, he knew the Hamasah of Abu Tammam by heart.
According to Imad ad-Din, after Tell Khalid, Saladin took a detour northwards to Ain Tab, but he gained possession of it when his army turned towards it, allowing to quickly move backward another c. From then on, he ordered prayers in all the mosques of Syria and Egypt as the sovereign king and he issued at the Cairo mint gold coins bearing his official title—al-Malik an-Nasir Yusuf Ayyub, ala ghaya "the King Strong to Aid, Joseph son of Job; exalted be the standard.
In return for a diploma granting him the city, Nur al-Din swore allegiance to Saladin, promising to follow him in every expedition in the war against the Crusaders, and repairing damage done to the city.
While ill, he asked Saladin to pay him a visit to request that he take care of his young children, but Saladin refused, fearing treachery against the Abbasids, and is said to have regretted his action after realizing what al-Adid had wanted.
Saladin promptly impressed the inhabitants of the town by publishing a decree that ordered a number of taxes to be canceled and erased all mention of them from treasury records, stating "the most miserable rulers are those whose purses are fat and their people thin".
An-Nasir sent Badr al-Badr a high-ranking religious figure to mediate between the two sides. Saladin () was born into a prominent Kurdish family, and it is said that on the night of his birth, his father, Najm ad-Din Ayyub, gathered his family and moved to elleandrblog.com, his father entering the service of 'Imad ad-Din Zangi ibn Aq Sonqur, the powerful Turkish governor in northern Syria.
Alternative Titles: Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb, Saladin, Arabic in full Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb (“Righteousness of the Faith, Joseph, Son of Job”), Jewish Virtual Library - Biography of Salah al-Din al-Ayubbi; Tour Egypt - Biography of Saladin.
Saladin was born Ṣalāḥ ad-Dīn Yūsuf ibn Ayyūb, to Najm ad-Din Ayyub and his wife, in the yearat Tikrit, Iraq. The following year, the family travelled to the city of Mosul, and was given shelter by the ruler Imad ad-Din elleandrblog.com Of Birth: Tikrit, Iraq.
Although he was born Yusuf ibn Ayyub, once Saladin was a great warrior he earned the name Al-Malik An-Nasir Salah al-Din (which means "Mighty Defender, Righteousness of Faith").
The last part of his name, Salah al-Din, was shortened by westerners to "Saladin.".
[Source] Salah al-Dīn Yusuf ibn Ayyub, more commonly known as Saladin (c. – March 4, ), Sultan of Egypt and Syria, was a 12th-century Kurdish Muslim political and military leader from Tikrit, elleandrblog.comality: Kurdish. Al-malik An-nasir Salah Ad-din Yusuf I. "Saladin" is a westernization of Salah Ad-din Yusuf Ibn Ayyub.
Saladin was known for: founding the Ayyubid dynasty and capturing Jerusalem from the Christians.A biography of salah al din yusuf ibn ayyub